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The side that only comes out when you’re at home, alone, and no one else can see it—the aggressive, controlling and sometimes violent side.

Some abusers are literal Prince Charming – in fact, some survivors who have told their story have used that exact phrase to describe the person they first met. Unfortunately, what survivors come to learn is that it’s all an act used to deflect attention from what they may someday disclose to friends—that Prince Charming yells, threatens, shoves, hits.

No, not him, say your friends. I don’t see it.

And that’s exactly what the abuser is hoping for.

Anyone Can Fall for It

Attorney Wendy Patrick has spent more than two decades prosecuting cases involving interpersonal abuse, which includes both cross-examining defendants in trial about their conduct, and working with survivors. She knows a thing or two about abusers’ tricks, even penning a piece for Psychology Today outlining the “socially charming domestic abuser.”

She says that some abusers wear their dangerous proclivities on their sleeves—wolves in wolves’ clothing if you will.

“Through their demeanor, harsh language and quick temper, they come across just as dangerous as they really are.” You know the rude way in which your date spoke to the server at the restaurant who brought the wrong order, or the cab driver who took a different route than expected? That’s a preview, says Patrick, of the way your date will treat you in the future.

Yet, we are apt to overlook this when a potential partner has qualities we also look for or are lacking in ourselves—strength, confidence, aggressiveness when making decisions.

“Ironically, this means that what makes them dangerous, also makes them desirable,” says Patrick.

Because many abusers can turn on the charm before we can process the alarming behavior that preceded it, survivors can fall into an abusive cycle without seeing it coming. Which means that abuse is never a survivor’s fault, no matter if you think you’re “smart enough” to avoid it or not.

“No one is immune from manipulation,” says Patrick “Everyone has their own areas of vulnerability—which an abuser can identify and exploit over time. When a manipulative abuser charms his or her way into the life of the victim, they cause victims to erect emotional blinders, which prevent them from seeing, perceiving, or acknowledging the significance of red flags.”

Addressing the Fan Club

Patrick says a 2016 study found that family-only abusers, those who limited their abuse to an intimate partner and weren’t abusive to others outside the relationship, were less likely to be reported by survivors. If a survivor knows they’ll have a difficult time getting someone to believe that their “perfect” partner is actually a controlling monster, it could affect how difficult it is to step forward and ask for help.

So, what can a survivor do?

First, if one’s support system seems enchanted by the social charms of an abuser, consider reaching out to a trained domestic violence advocate who is impartial and has heard it all before. You’ll be able to describe what’s happening, sort out the abuser’s tactics, predict your danger level for the future and develop a safety plan for all possible scenarios.

As for the naysayers, Patrick says, “One question to ask people who express knee-jerk disbelief when an allegation of abuse comes to light is the same question we ask the next-door neighbor of the ax murderer: ‘What makes you say that he is such a nice guy?’ Guaranteed, someone outside a relationship cannot come up with anything substantive to back up superficial stereotypical assessments of what goes on behind closed doors.”

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